Holocaust Memorial Museum will help you learn more about the Holocaust and research your family history. The Holocaust Encyclopedia provides an overview of the Holocaust using text, photographs, maps, artifacts, and personal histories. Research family history relating to the Holocaust and explore the Museum's collections about individual survivors and victims of the Holocaust and Nazi persecution. This reference provides text, photographs, charts, maps, and extensive indexes. Back to Results New Search. Series Remembering the Holocaust Remembering the Holocaust.
Format Book. Locale Europe. Language English. External Link ebook, subscription access only. Even after turning 90, Wiesenthal spent time at his small office in the Jewish Documentation Center in central Vienna. In April , Wiesenthal announced his retirement, saying that he had found the mass murderers he had been looking for: "I have survived them all.
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If there were any left, they'd be too old and weak to stand trial today. My work is done. However, Wiesenthal was also believed to be working on the case of Aribert Heim, one of the most notorious and wanted Nazi concentration camp doctors, prior to his retirement. Wiesenthal spent his last years in Vienna, where his wife, Cyla, died of natural causes on 10 November , at the age of In a statement on Wiesenthal's death, Council of Europe chairman Terry Davis said, "Without Simon Wiesenthal's relentless effort to find Nazi criminals and bring them to justice, and to fight anti-Semitism and prejudice, Europe would never have succeeded in healing its wounds and reconciling itself He was a soldier of justice, which is indispensable to our freedom, stability and peace.
In October, , the Vienna city council overwhelmingly approved renaming a street in Wiesenthal's honor. The newly-named Simon-Wiesenthal-Gasse was formerly known as Ichmanngasse. The former name honored Franz Ichmann, a songwriter in the early 20th century, and card-carrying member of the Nazi party. Despite Wiesenthal's achievements in locating many former Nazis, aspects of his work and life were controversial.
According to many historians who specialize in the Holocaust, such as Peter Novick and Yehuda Bauer, as well as the Nobel Prize-winning writer Elie Wiesel, Wiesenthal's repeated claim that five million gentiles were murdered in the Holocaust is a fabrication. Although significantly more than five million gentiles were killed by the Nazis, his opposition suggests that far fewer than five million were killed as part of a systematic campaign of genocide.
A 7 May , article in the Jerusalem Post said that former Mossad chief Isser Harel had written an unpublished manuscript which claims that Wiesenthal,"not only 'had no role whatsoever' in Eichmann's apprehension, but in fact had endangered the entire Eichmann operation and aborted the planned capture of Auschwitz doctor Josef Mengele. Harel claimed that he wrote the manuscript out of frustration at the amount of credit Wiesenthal was claiming for the capture of Eichmann.
Harel declined to publish his manuscript, saying that "Nazis and antisemites will be only too happy to read this about Nazi-fighter Wiesenthal.
In a subsequent opinion piece, Haim Mass argued that many of Harel's specific allegations against Wiesenthal could be disproved and that Wiesenthal had initiated the hunt for Eichmann by providing the first photograph of the SS Colonel. Wiesenthal himself questioned Harel's motivation for not publishing his manuscript, asking "if he is afraid that 'Nazis and antisemites will be only too happy to read about this Nazi-fighter Wiesenthal,' why does he not hesitate to indulge in discrediting me unreservedly in the media?
Does he think Nazis and antisemites read only books, not newspapers?
Fellow Nazi hunter Tuviah Friedman, who has known Wiesenthal since , accused him of numerous self-aggrandizing lies and of making himself rich from the Eichmann affair. Another Nazi hunter, Serge Klarsfeld, characterized Wiesenthal as an egomaniac, although he also praised Wiesenthal's trailblazing and often lonely efforts to find justice for the victims of the Holocaust.
Rosenbaum described Wiesenthal as "a congenital liar" to Wiesenthal's biographer, Hella Pick. Simon Wiesenthal has also been criticized in relation with his handling of the Frank Walus case, in which a Polish born US citizen was accused by Wiesenthal of helping the Gestapo. Walus was exonerated by the US Justice Department, on appeal. Wiesenthal responded to his critics in a letter to The Forward, published October 15, One wonders why this has appeared on the market just now -- seven years after the Waldheim affair.
This commission, which was formed at my instigation in Vienna, had come to the conclusion that Mr. Waldheim knew about the wartime crimes in the Balkans but that he was not personally involved in these. A similar judgment was pronounced by a committee that examined the documents about Mr.
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Waldheim on Thames Television in London. The committee included some of the most respected jurists; the former director of the Office of Special Investigations, Alan Ryan, functioned as prosecutor. This group, too, concluded that there is no 'case' against Mr. Rosenbaum and Hoffer, but I can be sure already that the neo-Nazis and all the Holocaust deniers will be overjoyed by its attacks against me.
Wiesel, Wiesenthal, Klarsfeld : the Holocaust survivors / Tabatha Yeatts. - Version details - Trove
Source: Databases of L. Rodden: L. Posted to Centaurs YahooGroups on June 28, Nazi-hunter At the time of his liberation, Wiesenthal stood at 1. Wiesenthal's publishers advertised that he had been responsible for locating over Nazis, a claim that had no basis in fact but was nonetheless repeated by reputable newspapers such as the New York Times. A cruel and sadistic woman, she earned her nickname for her propensity to kick her victims to death. She became an American citizen in Wiesenthal was first told about Braunsteiner in early via a chance encounter in Tel Aviv with someone who had seen her performing selections at Majdanek—deciding who was to be assigned to slave labour and who was to immediately be killed in the gas chambers.
When he returned to Vienna he had an operative visit one of her relatives to clandestinely collect information. Her trial was part of a joint indictment with nine other defendants accused of killing , people at Majdanek. She was sentenced to life imprisonment in and died in Josef Mengele was a medical officer assigned to Auschwitz concentration camp from until the end of the war.
As well as making most of the selections of inmates as they arrived by train from all over Europe, he performed unscientific and usually deadly experiments on the inmates. He acquired a Red Cross passport and left for Argentina,  setting up a business in Buenos Aires in Wiesenthal claimed to have information that placed Mengele in several locations: on the Greek island of Kythnos in ,  Cairo in ,  in Spain in ,  and in Paraguay in , the latter eighteen years after he had left. He thought the museum was not dignified enough and that he should have a larger say in the overall operations.
He even wrote to the Board of Directors requesting Hier's removal, but in the end had to be content with being a figurehead. In an interview a week later, Kreisky himself described Wiesenthal as a "Jewish fascist", a remark he later denied making. Wiesenthal discovered that he would be unable to sue, because under Austrian law Kreisky was protected by parliamentary immunity. When his re-election in seemed unsure, Kreisky proposed that his Social Democratic Party should form a coalition with the Freedom Party , headed by Friedrich Peter.
Wiesenthal was in possession of information proving that Peter had been a member of the 1 SS Infantry Brigade , a unit that had exterminated over 13, Jewish civilians in Ukraine in — Peter denied having participated in, or having knowledge of, any atrocities. In the end, Kreisky's party won a clear majority and did not form the coalition. In a press conference a short time after the election and Wiesenthal's revelations, Kreisky said Wiesenthal used "the methods of a quasi-political Mafia.
When the relevant archives were later opened for research, no evidence was found that Wiesenthal had been a collaborator. When Kurt Waldheim was named secretary-general of the United Nations in , Wiesenthal reported—without checking very thoroughly—that there was no evidence that he had a Nazi past. When he returned to active duty in , he was posted to Yugoslavia and Greece, and had knowledge of murders of civilians that took place in those locations during his service there.
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The New York Times soon reported that Waldheim had failed to reveal all of the facts about his war service. Wiesenthal, embarrassed, attempted to help Waldheim defend himself.
Waldheim was elected president in July They concluded that, while there was no evidence that Waldheim had committed atrocities, he must have known they were occurring, yet did nothing. Wiesenthal unsuccessfully demanded that Waldheim resign. In , Wiesenthal published Zeilen der hoop.
De geheime missie van Christoffel Columbus translated in as Sails of Hope: The Secret Mission of Christopher Columbus , which was his first non-fiction book not on the subject of the Holocaust. In the book, Wiesenthal put forward his theory that Christopher Columbus was a Sephardi Jew from Spain who practised his religion in secret to avoid persecution. The consensus of most historians is that Columbus came from the Republic of Genoa , in present-day Italy. Wiesenthal argued that the quest for the New World was not motivated by wealth or fame, but rather by Columbus's desire to find a place of refuge for the Jews, who were suffering immense persecution in Spain at the time and in would be subjected to the Edict of Expulsion.
Wiesenthal also believed that Columbus's concept of "sailing west" was based on Biblical prophecies certain verses in the Book of Isaiah rather than any prior geographical knowledge. Wiesenthal was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in , the fortieth anniversary of the end of the war.
- Wiesel, Wiesenthal, Klarsfeld: The Holocaust Survivors.
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Rumour had it that the Nobel Committee would give the prize to a Holocaust-related candidate. Fellow Holocaust survivor and author Elie Wiesel , also nominated, began a campaign in hopes of winning the prize, travelling to France, Ethiopia and Oslo for speaking tours and humanitarian work.